The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing [...]

The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing (Arabic: الكتاب المختصر في حساب الجبر والمقابلة‎, Al-kitāb al-mukhtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa’l-muqābala;[1] Latin: Liber Algebræ et Almucabola) is an Arabic treatise on mathematics written by Persian polymath Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī around AD 820 while he was in the Abbasid capital of Baghdad. Translated into Latin by Robert of Chester in the mid-12th century, it introduced the term “algebra” (الجبر, al-ğabr) to European languages including English. The Compendious Book provided an exhaustive account of solving for the positive roots of polynomial equations up to the second degree.[2] (Source)

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